Friday, 20 January 2012

República de Cuba

Republic of Cuba



República de Cuba is an island country in the Caribbean. The nation of Cuba consists of the main island of Cuba, the Isla de la Juventud, and several archipelagos. Havana is the largest city in Cuba and the country's capital. Santiago de Cuba is the second largest city.

 To the north of Cuba lies the United States (90 miles away) and the Bahamas, Mexico is to the west, the Cayman Islands and Jamaica are to the south, and Haiti and the Dominican Republic are to the southeast.

Capital                Havana
Government        Communist state
Currency             Cuban peso (CUP), Cuban convertible peso (CUC)
Language            Spanish, Castilian


History of Cuba 
The name Cuba comes from the Taíno language. The exact meaning of the name is unclear but it may be translated either as where fertile land is abundant (cubao), or great place (coabana).  Scholars who believe that Christopher Columbus was Portuguese state that Cuba was named by Columbus for the ancient town of Cuba in the district of Beja in Portugal.



Regions 
Western Cuba
 (Pinar del Rio, Havana, Matanzas, Isla de la Juventud) The capital, the rolling hills of Pinar del Rio and an off-the-beaten-path island with good scuba diving add up to an exciting region

Central Cuba 
(Villa Clara, Cienfuegos, Santi Spíritus, Ciego de Avila)

Eastern Cuba 
(Camaguey, Las Tunas, Holguín, Santiago de Cuba, Granma, Guantánamo)


Cities 
- Havana – cosmopolitan capital with a swinging nightlife
- Baracoa – a quaint beach-side town, and Cuba's first capital.
- Pinar del Rio – center of the cigar industry
- Santa Clara – Home of Ernesto "Che" Guevara's most successful battle during the Revolution.
- Santiago de Cuba – coastal city rich in Caribbean influence
- Trinidad – World Heritage Site with charming, colonial-era buildings
- Varadero – popular beach area, east of Havana, filled mostly with tourists.


Other destinations 
- Cayo Largo – a small island with nudist facilities
- Isla de la Juventud – a large island south of Havana
- Jardines del Rey – an island chain of beach resorts including Cayo Coco and Cayo Guillermo
- Maria la Gorda – a tiny village with some snorkeling and diving options
- Varadero Beach – 20-kilometer-long beach of fine white sand and waters




                                                                      Cayo Largo


                                                                 Isla de la Juventud


                                                                    Maria la Gorda




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