Republic of Cuba
To the north of Cuba lies the United States (90 miles away) and the Bahamas, Mexico is to the west, the Cayman Islands and Jamaica are to the south, and Haiti and the Dominican Republic are to the southeast.
Government Communist state
Currency Cuban peso (CUP), Cuban convertible peso (CUC)
Language Spanish, Castilian
History of Cuba
The name Cuba comes from the Taíno language. The exact meaning of the name is unclear but it may be translated either as where fertile land is abundant (cubao), or great place (coabana). Scholars who believe that Christopher Columbus was Portuguese state that Cuba was named by Columbus for the ancient town of Cuba in the district of Beja in Portugal.
(Pinar del Rio, Havana, Matanzas, Isla de la Juventud)
The capital, the rolling hills of Pinar del Rio and an off-the-beaten-path island with good scuba diving add up to an exciting region
(Villa Clara, Cienfuegos, Santi Spíritus, Ciego de Avila)
(Camaguey, Las Tunas, Holguín, Santiago de Cuba, Granma, Guantánamo)
- Havana – cosmopolitan capital with a swinging nightlife
- Baracoa – a quaint beach-side town, and Cuba's first capital.
- Pinar del Rio – center of the cigar industry
- Santa Clara – Home of Ernesto "Che" Guevara's most successful battle during the Revolution.
- Santiago de Cuba – coastal city rich in Caribbean influence
- Trinidad – World Heritage Site with charming, colonial-era buildings
- Varadero – popular beach area, east of Havana, filled mostly with tourists.
- Cayo Largo – a small island with nudist facilities
- Isla de la Juventud – a large island south of Havana
- Jardines del Rey – an island chain of beach resorts including Cayo Coco and Cayo Guillermo
- Maria la Gorda – a tiny village with some snorkeling and diving options
- Varadero Beach – 20-kilometer-long beach of fine white sand and waters