Saturday, 19 January 2013

Ecuador





Republic of the Equator is a representative democratic republic in South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is one of only two countries in South America, along with Chile, that do not have a border with Brazil.




Basic Information
Capital                        Quito
Largest city                 Guayaquil
Official languages         Spanish
Government                Unitary presidential constitutional republic
 President                    Rafael Correa
 Independence from     Spain May 24, 1822
 Independence from     Gran Colombia May 13, 1830 -
 Recognized                February 16, 1830
 Currency                   United States dollarb (USD)
Time zone                   ECT (UTC −6)
Calling code               +593
Internet TLD               .ec


The Ecuador  also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific, about 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) west of the mainland.Ecuador is divided into 24 Provinces. The Provinces of Ecuador and their capital are:

No
Province
Capital
1
Azuay
Cuenca
2
Bolivar
Guaranda
3
Cañar
Azogues
4
Carchi
Tulcan
5
Chimborazo
Riobamba
6
Cotopaxi
Latacunga
7
El Oro
Machala
8
Esmeraldas
Esmeraldas
9
Galápagos
Puerto Baquerizo Moreno
10
Guayas
Guayaquil
11
Imbabura
Ibarra
12
Loja
Loja
13
Los Rios
Babahoyo
14
Manabi
Portoviejo
15
Morona Santiago
Macas
16
Napo
Tena
17
Orellana
Puerto Francisco de Orellana
18
Pastaza
Puyo
19
Pichincha
Quito
20
Santa Elena
Santa Elena
21
Santo Domingo de los Tsachilas
Santo Domingo
22
Sucumbios
Nueva Loja
23
Tungurahua
Ambato
24
Zamora Chinchipe
Zamora

                                           
                                             Cities Destination Tourist Guide


Quito, Ecuador
Quito or San Francisco de Quito, is the capital city of Ecuador. It is located in north-central Ecuador in the Guayllabamba river basin, on the eastern slopes of Pichincha,  an active stratovolcano in the Andes mountains.  Quito is the second most populous city in Ecuador, after Guayaquil. It is also the capital of the Pichincha province and the seat of Metropolitan District of Quito.

The Historic Center of Quito has one of the largest, least-altered and best-preserved historic centers
or Colonial Center  in the Americas.  Quito, along with Kraków, were the first World Cultural Heritage Sites declared by UNESCO in 1978.  The central square of Quito is located about 25 kilometres (16 mi) south of the equator. A monument and museum marking the general location of the equator is known locally as la mitad del mundo.

Newspapers and Magazines.  Spanish-language newspapers and magazines can be purchased on the streets of cities but can be hard to find elsewhere. Some hotels catering to foreigners may have a small selection of English-language reading material.

                                                              Quito City, Ecuador

                                                         Quito Square, Ecuador


Other Cities Destination
- Ambato. The central city of Ecuador. Special celebrations during Carnival time.
- Baños.  The adventure capital of Ecuador at the foot of an active volcano having small eruptions of ash
   and lava. Volcano Tungurahua. There are also many hot spring mineral baths as its name would imply.
- Cuenca.  The third largest city in Ecuador and listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Trust site
- Guayaquil.  Largest city in the country and largest port city
-  Loja.  The oldest colonial city
- Otavalo.  Small town only two hours north of the capital famous for its Saturday market of indigenous
   crafts and livestock
- Ibarra, Town of 100,000 inhabitants halfway between Quito and the northern border.
- Riobamba .  Starting point of the famous train ride down the Nariz del Diablo and gateway to Mount
   Chimborazo, Ecuador's highest peak



Other destinations
 Maquipucuna - Cloud forest Reserve & the closest pristine rainforest to Quito.
Canoa - Small Beach Town
Esmeraldas - One of the most popular beaches in Ecuador.
Guamote - A cosy and authentic Andesvillage though easy accessible.
Guaranda -
Mindo - Excellent bird watching in a cloud forest setting.
Montañita - World Famous Surfing Beach
Puerto López - "Poor Man's Galapagos" Puyo - Jungle town Quilotoa Loop Salinas - Beautiful beaches, and great little ocean-front restaurants Tena - Jungle town
Vilcabamba

Vilcabamba, meaning Sacred Valley, is a quiet, scenic, peaceful valley near the Podocarpus National Park in southern Ecuador.




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